India is home to some of the most valuable and precious wildlife species due to its exotic environment. Some of these species are so rare that they are only available in our country.
The abundance of such species inspired Rudyard Kipling to write his popular collection of stories The Jungle Book. The series includes a dozen of characters that are based on the popular wildlife and presented a detailed outline of their life in the forest.
A lot of them like the royal Bengal tiger, black buck already enjoys a worldwide recognition.
Here is a list of some of the rarest wildlife species that are present in India but you didn’t know. If you are planning to catch them abroad, you are going to have a hard time.
1. Lion Tailed Macaque
Species: M. silenus
They are native to the Western Ghats of South India. They are counted among one o the rarest and most threatened primates. They are known for detest for the human beings and makes minimal contact with them.
As their name suggests, they have a tail that is medium in length and resembles that of a lion’s tail. Also known as the beard ape, they possess beautiful silver-white mane which surrounds the head from the cheeks down to its chin.
2. Snow leopard
Species: P. uncial
Here is a wild fact about them, snow leopards are born blind. They gain their visibility after a period of 7 days since their birth. Unlike their cat family, they cannot roar.
Snow leopards are one of the endangered species. Their number is facing a constant decline and serious steps have been taken by the world to make sure their existence do not face further threats.
3. Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros
Species: R. unicorns
They are nicknamed as the Indian rhinoceros. They are considered as the origin of many legends and mythologies that are popular today. Assam has adopted them as their national animal.
The humongous animal may weigh up to 4,000 kg. It is one of the biggest terrestrial Asian mammals.
They have a thick gray-brown skin but very little body hair. Despite the thick skin, it is not efficient enough against leeches or ticks. They faced a huge threat of extinction as they were hunted for the sake of pleasure in the past. India has taken a lot of efforts to make sure they continue to be one of the gems of the country.
5. Red panda
They are connected to the giant pandas but not closely related. Who cares? All pandas are cute, all pandas matter.
They have suffered massive threat due to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and inbreeding depression. India has 20 protected areas with known or possible red panda populations in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal.
They are mistakenly confused with civet for having a similar appearance.
6. Indian flying fox
Species: P. giganteus
They may look vicious cause of their enormous size but they are vegetarian in nature. They live on fruits or nectar from flowers. They generally live on coastal islands or tropical forests.
Indian flying fox has a high tendency to adapt according to the habitat quickly.